marți, 20 septembrie 2016

Soul journeys through memories. (9) Along the river; Old images in lovely blue.

Along Danube;
Danube seen from the shore at Golubac, in Đerdap National Park, towards " Stânca Baba Caia", situated in Coronini area from the Iron Gates Natural Park. 
September, 2015.
De-a lungul Dunării;
Dunărea văzută de pe mal, la Golubac, în Parcul Național Djerdap înspre "Stânca Baba Caia", situată în zona Coronini din Parcul Natural Porțile de Fier.
Arhiva foto privată
Click to see enlarged views.
Private archive.
2016©AlexaT
*****
"Being on the bank of the Danube River, in the National Park Derdap, there are four things that can easily draw the attention:  the blue surface of the river itself, the Golubac Fortress at the shore, the "Stânca Babacaia" located in the Coronini area and the Fortress of St. Ladislaus Coronini, situated and that can be seen very far on a hill.  It is said that Stânca Babacaia it looks like a "giant finger", a Cretaceous limestone, that rises to 7 meters above the water." Click to see enlarged views.
Being on the bank of the Danube River, in the National Park Derdap, there were four things that had drawn the attention: the lovely blue surface of the river itself, the Golubac Fortress at the shore (a site in reconstruction works at that moment), the "Stânca Babacaia" located in the Coronini area and up on the hill of Cula, the remains of the old Fortress of St. Ladislaus Coronini, that I've could seen it from very far, in the distance. All the photos have been taken in a beautiful day of september from last year. The sky was a gorgeous blue with scattered fluffy clouds and in some moments I have noticed that interesting reflections of those clouds were formed on the blue waters. 
It is said that Stânca Babacaia it looks like a "giant finger", a Cretaceous limestone, that rises to 7 meters above the water.  
Also, the history of the old fortress of St. Ladislaus Coronini is closely linked to that of Golubac fortress that is one of the most important tourist attractions on the Serbian side of Clisura Dunării.
In a succinct presentation found on the net, it is mentioned that "the Coronini commune is located on the foothills of the Southern Carpathians, where these meet the Danube, and in proximity to the Clisura Dunării and Iron Gates areas. Also, Coronini is facing Serbia on the right bank of the Danube".* 
Some more informations (excerpts) about the four points of interest observed in this region, that I have found using Wikipedia & internet (various sources).
*****
Poposind pe malul Dunării, în septembrie trecut, în Parcul Naţional Derdap sunt patru lucruri care mi-au atras atenţia: Dunărea însăşi, Cetatea Golubać (Cetatea Golubăț), Stânca Babacaia, în dreptul localităţii Coronini, şi, situată foarte departe, pe dealul Cula, ruinele cetăţii Sfântul Ladislau de la Coronini.
Se spune despre "Degetul uriaşului" din calcar cretacic cum că se ridică la 7 metri deasupra apei, denumire sa  în limba turcă însemnând "stânca tatălui"; de asemenea, istoria cetăţii Sfântul Ladislau de la Coronini este strâns legată de cea a cetăţii Golubać care este una dintre atracţiile turistice ale Clisurii pe malul sârbesc. 
Mai multe informaţii despre cele patru puncte de interes observate în zona, ca  întotdeauna am aflat cu ajutorul internetului şi Wikipedia.
It is said that Stânca Babacaia it looks like a "giant finger", a Cretaceous limestone, that rises to 7 meters above the water.
"the "Stânca Babacaia" located in the Coronini area and up on the hill of Cula, the remains of the old Fortress of St. Ladislaus Coronini"


From Did You Know Category:
"Babacaia*- Este un pinten de stâncă în apropiere de localitatea cărăşeană Coronini (fostă Pescari), în ceea ce până la crearea lacului de acumulare pentru hidrocentrala Porţile de Fier I, se numea Strâmtura Pescari-Alibeg." WikipediaExtrase/Excerpts About Danube
From around the web/media*
*Source: Wikipedia & internet (various sources).

"Babacaia*- Este un pinten de stâncă în apropiere de localitatea cărăşeană Coronini (fostă Pescari), în ceea ce până la crearea lacului de acumulare pentru hidrocentrala Porţile de Fier I, se numea Strâmtura Pescari-Alibeg.


               Lăsând în urmă depresiunea Moldova Veche si Ostrovul Mare, inundat în parte, prin construirea barajului de la Gura Văii, Dunărea intră vijelioasă în strâmtura de la Pescari. Intrarea este anuntată de stânca Babacai (ceea ce in limba turcă înseamnă destin fatal, regret), un martor de eroziune calcaros în conjurat de ape, şi de ruinele cetatii de la Pescari. De acesta se legau odgoanele-barieră care nu permiteau vaselor ce intrau în defileul Dunării să scape nevămuite. În jurul acestei stânci s-au ţesut mai multe legende."
"Coronini* (Romanian pronunciation: [koroˈnini]; until 1996 Pescari [pesˈkarʲ]; Hungarian: Lászlóvára or Koronini; occasionally referred to as Peskari in German) is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania, with a population of 1,674. Part of the region of Banat, it includes Coronini and Sfânta Elena villages. Situated on the Danube and the border with Serbia, part of the mountainous area known as Clisura Dunării, Coronini holds several archeological sites, which trace its history back to the Bronze Age. source Wikipedia
"Coronini* (Romanian pronunciation: [koroˈnini]; until 1996 Pescari [pesˈkarʲ]; Hungarian: Lászlóvára or Koronini; occasionally referred to as Peskari in German) is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, western Romania, with a population of 1,674. Part of the region of Banat, it includes Coronini and Sfânta Elena villages. Situated on the Danube and the border with Serbia, part of the mountainous area known as Clisura Dunării, Coronini holds several archeological sites, which trace its history back to the Bronze Age

Location and demographics
Location and demographics The Coronini commune is located on the foothills of the Southern Carpathians, where these meet the Danube, and in proximity to the Clisura Dunării and Iron Gates areas. Facing Serbia on the right bank of the Danube".The Coronini commune is located on the foothills of the Southern Carpathians, where these meet the Danube, and in proximity to the Clisura Dunării and Iron Gates areas. Facing Serbia on the right bank of the Danube, it is also close to a canyon formed by the Alibeg River.
History
Coronini village
The history of Coronini leads back beyond the period when the Banat area was an Imperial Roman domain (see Roman Dacia). It houses several archeological sites, which focus on cave paintings and dwellings Basarabi culture (8th-7th centuries BC), as well as the mines of Vărad (intensively used from the Bronze Age as a source of gold, silver, copper, lead and iron). Among the oldest artifacts found in the village are Hallstatt tools (discovered in 1972) and a bronze vessel with 178 silver coins, predating the Roman expeditions. Coronini was also the site of Halstatt funerals, probably related to those found on Moldova Veche sites. The Roman period itself is attested by a denarius issued under Emperor Alexander Severus.

The medieval period, when Banat was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, left several traces on Coronini's landscape. The location houses the 15th century Saint Ladislaus fortress (Hungarian: Szentlázló; historical Hungarian: Zenthlázlówára) , part of the historical sites in the Iron Gates Natural Park area. Archeological investigation carried out in 1970-1973 found that it was built on top of Dacian fortifications and newer walls erected in the 6th-7th century, and that the Hungarian building was probably erected in the 15th century, in tandem with a similar one in Golubac."
 "Coronini*, alternativ Pescari, (în germană Coronini, în maghiară Lászlóvára) este o comună în județul Caraș-Severin, Banat, România, formată din satele Coronini (reședința) și Sfânta Elena.
Așezarea este atestată în timpul Pașalâcului de Timișoara sub numele Alibeg. Numele actual al comunei provine de la cel al contelui Johann Baptist Coronini-Cronberg, președintele administrației imperiale a voivodatului Serbiei și a Banatului Timișan între 1849-1859.
Istoric 
Istoric  Fortificația medievală (Cetatea Ladislau) a fost ridicată de împăratul Sigismund de Luxemburg și pusă sub patronajul sfântului Ladislau. Ulterior a fost încredințată cavalerilor teutoni. În anul 1433 comandantul cetății era Eberhard Sasul (Eberhard Sax). Cetatea a fost distrusă după 1526. Ruinele pot fi văzute din Moldova Veche. Cetatea Ladislau este monument istoric clasificat sub CS-I-m-A-10815.01." Sursa WikipediaFortificația medievală (Cetatea Ladislau) a fost ridicată de împăratul Sigismund de Luxemburg și pusă sub patronajul sfântului Ladislau. Ulterior a fost încredințată cavalerilor teutoni. În anul 1433 comandantul cetății era Eberhard Sasul (Eberhard Sax). Cetatea a fost distrusă după 1526. Ruinele pot fi văzute din Moldova Veche.
Cetatea Ladislau este monument istoric clasificat sub CS-I-m-A-10815.01."

 "Coronini alternatively Fishermen (Coronini German, Hungarian Lászlóvára) is a village in Caras-Severin, Banat, Romania, composed of villages Coronini (residence) and St Helena.
The settlement during Pashaluk of Timisoara under the name Alibeg. The current name of the village comes from the Count Johann Baptist Coronini-Cronberg, President voivodatului imperial administration of Serbia and Banat Timisan between 1849-1859.
On the hill:  the 15th century Saint Ladislaus fortress. History  Medieval fortification (Ladislau Fortress) was built by Emperor Sigismund and placed under the patronage of St. Ladislas. It was later entrusted to the Teutonic Knights. In 1433 the city was commander Eberhard Sasul (Eberhard Sax). The fortress was destroyed after 1526. The ruins can be seen from Moldova Veche. Ladislau historic city is classified under CS-I-m-A-10815.01. " Source Wikipedia
History 
Medieval fortification (Ladislau Fortress) was built by Emperor Sigismund and placed under the patronage of St. Ladislas. It was later entrusted to the Teutonic Knights. In 1433 the city was commander Eberhard Sasul (Eberhard Sax). The fortress was destroyed after 1526. The ruins can be seen from Moldova Veche.
Ladislau historic city is classified under CS-I-m-A-10815.01. "
"The Golubac Fortress* (Serbian: Голубачки град or Golubački grad, Hungarian: Galambóc vára, Bulgarian: Гълъбец, Romanian: Cetatea Golubăț, Turkish: Güvercinlik Kalesi) was a medieval fortified town on the south side of the Danube River, 4 km downstream from the modern-day town of Golubac, Serbia. The fortress, which was most likely built during the 14th century, is split into three compounds which were built in stages. It has ten towers, most of which started square, and several of which received many-sided reinforcements with the advent of firearms.

"The Golubac Fortress* (Serbian: Голубачки град or Golubački grad, Hungarian: Galambóc vára, Bulgarian: Гълъбец, Romanian: Cetatea Golubăț, Turkish: Güvercinlik Kalesi) was a medieval fortified town on the south side of the Danube River".

Golubac Fortress has had a tumultuous history. Prior to its construction it was the site of a Roman settlement. During the Middle Ages, it became the object of many battles, especially between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. It changed hands repeatedly, passing between Turks, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Serbs, and Austrians, until 1867, when it was turned over to the Serbian Knez, Mihailo Obrenović III. Now, it is a popular tourist attraction in the region and a sightseeing point on Danube boat tours."
Location

"Golubac, in the Braničevo District of north-eastern Serbia and on the modern-day border with Romania, marks the entrance to the Đerdap national park. It is strategically located on the embankment of the Danube River where it narrows to form the Iron Gate gorge, allowing for the regulation and taxation of traffic across and along the river. In the Middle Ages, this was done with the aid of a strong chain connected to Babakaj, a rock on the far side of the river." Source Wikipedia"Golubac, in the Braničevo District of north-eastern Serbia and on the modern-day border with Romania, marks the entrance to the Đerdap national park. It is strategically located on the embankment of the Danube River where it narrows to form the Iron Gate gorge, allowing for the regulation and taxation of traffic across and along the river. In the Middle Ages, this was done with the aid of a strong chain connected to Babakaj, a rock on the far side of the river."
(...) "Reconstruction plan 2014
The Government of the Republic of Serbia has applied to the reconstruction project fortress Blace with IPA funds of the European Union in the framework of the international project "Cultural Route - Fortresses on the Danube".The funds were provided through these funds in the amount of 6, 5 million.Preliminary reconstruction project fortress is by architect Marina Jovin, professional consultants on the project were Siniša Temerin and archaeologist Dr Miomir Korac .Rebuilding will take three years.
Significance
Considering the age and location of the Golubac Fortress, it is both large and well-preserved. Its placement at the head of the Iron Gate gorge allowed for easy control of river traffic. It was the last military outpost on that stretch of the Danube river, which caused it to frequently be part of the final line of defense between Hungary and the Ottoman Empire, especially during the periods when Serbia was Ottoman-held.The importance of the fortress is further indicated by the attention it received from Sigismund and Murad II, rather than just fighting between locals and commanders of nearby cities. The Golubac Fortress was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by the Republic of Serbia."* for more info read on the Wikipedia.
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"The Đerdap National Park* (Serbian: Национални парк Ђердап / Nacionalni park Đerdap) stretches along the right bank of the Danube River from the Golubac fortress (Serbian: Голубачки град / Golubački grad) to the dam near Sip, Serbia. It spreads over 640 square kilometres and the park management office is in the town of Donji Milanovac on the Danube.
The main feature and attraction of the Đerdap National Park's natural beauty is the Đerdap gorge - the famous Iron Gate - the grandiose gateway through the southern slopes of the Carpathian mountains where the longest and biggest river accumulation in former Yugoslavia is located.

The Đerdap gorge, which is some 100 kilometers long (from Golubac to Tekija), is actually a compound river valley made up of four gorges".
* Click to read more info on Wikipedia (excerpts). 

Arhiva foto privată/ Private photos archive.
Click to see enlarged views.

Series of photo instants, 
up-close & collages;
Edited in color, sepia and/or black & white. 
Visions. September, 2015. Autumn. Along Danube.

Soul journeys through memories. (8)  Amintiri din virtualul arhivat.
  Images from The Iron Gates Natural Park. Stânca „Babacaia”, Coronini; 
Golubac Fortress; images seen from the Đerdap National Park. Đerdapska klisura.  

Private archive.
2016©AlexaT
GândCălător.blogspot.com
*****
***
"Write it on your heart
that every day is the best day in the year.
He is rich who owns the day, and no one owns the day
who allows it to be invaded with fret and anxiety.
Finish every day and be done with it.
You have done what you could.
Some blunders and absurdities, no doubt crept in.
Forget them as soon as you can, tomorrow is a new day;
begin it well and serenely, with too high a spirit
to be cumbered with your old nonsense.
This new day is too dear,
with its hopes and invitations,
to waste a moment on the yesterdays.*"
*Source Internet: 
By Ralph Waldo Emerson in "Collected Poems and Translations".

Happiness starts with yourself.
Source of quotes/video above
Sun-gazing.com; Incrediblejoy.com
You Tube.

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Be joyful, amazing and never give up to smile! 
Stunning things are all over! 

Stay positive, today, tomorrow and always! 

Rămâi pozitiv, astăzi, mâine și întotdeauna!
So, very thankful, each and every day, to be inspired...
All is well...

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